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2018年12月1日托福考试写作部分详解

2018-12-04来源: 啄木鸟教育浏览量:
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  综合写作

  伊利运河究竟该不该建?

  Erie Canal from Hudson River of the north of the NYC to the interior of the US.

  阅读:

  1. 挖运河路过森林不好挖,湿地导致蚊子多工人染上疾病;

  2. 挖运河的工人太少;

  3. 不值得去挖,利益小于修建运河的投入,区域人少,不需要贸易。

  听力:反驳阅读观点

  1. 树根工具发明,节约人力,冬天湿地结冰之后再工作,没有蚊子;

  2. 新移民想要工作,刚好有了劳动力;

  3. 人少是因为以前没有好的交通方式,修水路有利于缩短时间,减少费用。

  话题分类:“对立”题型

  解题思路:综合写作基本框架思路。注意转述内容时侧重于听力部分,且以表意清晰为主要目的。

  参考范文:

  Both the author and the lecturer concentrate on the challenges that people encounter when they dig the ErieCanal. The reading passage asserts that these three methods are quite effective to stop this tendency. However, the professor in the lecture to tally refutesall the passage's viewpoints.

  Firstly, even though the writer claims that the forest was on the way, which means it is difficult to dig the canal.and wetland causes the increasing number of mosquito, giving rise to illness of workers. the speaker discredits this by arguing that the viewpoint is not convincing, as it could save the labour, with the invention of the root tool. Moreover,there will be no mosquito because the wetland will freeze in the winter, after which it starts working.

  Furthermore, despite the statement in the reading passage that too less people are involved in digging canal, the professor contends that more and more new migrants would come there, who do nothave jobs. The speaker further explains that they need jobs to support themselves and families, which is exactly thelabour source.

  Finally, the author states that it does not deserve to construct the canal, for the profit is far less than the investment,and in this region, the trade is not necessary due to the less people here. The lecturer counters that it doesn’t work well. The professor advances theargument, saying that less people is due to the poor transportation system and establishing the canal is beneficial for shortening the time and saving the cost.

  In brief, the writer and the speaker contradict each other on whether these three methods are invalid to tackle the challenges of digging canal.

  参考模板:可参考修改使用,切忌照搬!!

  Both the author and the lecture rconcentrate on___________. The reading passage asserts that_____________. However, the professor in the lecture totally refutes all the passage's viewpoints.

  Firstly, even though the writer claims that_______________,the speaker discredits this by arguing that____________________.

  Furthermore, despite the statement in the reading passage that ____________, the professor contends that______________________. The speaker further explains that____________.

  Finally, the author statesthat_____________. The professor advances the argument, saying that__________.

  Inbrief, the writer and the speaker contradict each other on_________

  独立写作

  It is as important as the older people to study and learn new things as young people?

  话题分类:对比类

  解题思路:

  思路分析:学生可以从一个角度出发,例如老年人应该学东西,提出三个分论点。

  主要观点:首先是老年人不断的学习可能使老年人与潮流保持联系,不被社会淘汰。其次老年人不断学习可以有良好的家庭关系。最后是对老年人的身体健康有益,那些放弃学习的老年人更容易患痴呆和阿尔茨海默病。

  参考范文:

  A common natural law reveals the simpletruth that everyone in the world had better study all the time. But traditional wisdom generally believes that it is easier for young people to learn innovative ideas and new concepts. Elders, onthe other hand, are supposed to relax and enjoy their retirement to the full estextent. I would definitely object to this statement.

  First and foremost, always learning makesit possible for elders to stay in touch with the world and not to be in dangerof being excluded by the times. Specifically ,the only thing that doesn't change in today's world is change itself, There are too many new things that donot exist in their age,like electronic gadgets, innovative treatment to cureincurable diseases, creative business ideas and approaches and set forth. It would be disastrous if elders stopped being an active learner and retreat tothe primitive mindset.

  Secondly, For instance, young people arefond of new electronic devices like ipad, iphone and stuff, and they use these gadgets to stay in touch with their peers and families. If a grandpa has noteven heard of twitter or instagram, it will be impossible for the two generations to stay connected.

  as a result of this policy, students are more likely to receive more attention than before. To illustrate, thetraditional “teacher-centered” mode of teaching, teachers always play anindispensable role to control the pace of lesson or courses. In this case,students are regarded as passive spectators, which does not contribute to theireffectiveness of study. But, if students are allowed to evaluate their teachers, might be more active in their studies. Naturally, teachers will know about students’ needs better through constructive comments.

  Besides, this feedback could be applied to promote teaching outcomes. This is because teachers will improve the quality oftheir work according to the feedback. If students evaluate the speaking speed of teachers, they will adjust or adopt better teaching methods and the improved pace to meet the demand of students. Additionally, such a psychological sate will naturally lead to competition among teachers who are evaluated to raisetheir qualities of teaching methodology. As long as such pressure is finally turned into impetus, we will believe that greater and more efforts are made.

  Last but not least, compared with other teachers, students’ appraisal will be fairer and more justice to teachers. Tobe more specific, a student is usually considered as a customer. As is known toall, customers are the best candidates to evaluate the worth of a product orservice they enjoy. So the feedback from students are more correct or directmost notably in that they are direct receivers with regard to class teaching,teaching effectiveness, general management and so on whey they are in classroom.

  Therefore,in order to gain more attention, improve the quality of teaching methodology as well as the justification of evaluation, this view should be listened.



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